In dental terms, teeth misalignment is referred to as malocclusion. If you have this case, you might develop dental issues such as cavities and gum disease. These are all considered as malocclusion cases:
Malocclusion is usually heredity, so some patients are born with it. However, patients also acquire crooked teeth if they have oral habits since childhood that were not corrected until the teeth have developed. Oral habits include thumbsucking, using a pacifier or a milk bottle.
On the other hand, malocclusion also happens due to injuries and other medical conditions like cleft palate and mouth tumours.
Malocclusion should be corrected because it has more adverse effects than just its appearance. When your teeth are misaligned, it’s harder to perform oral hygiene because some parts are difficult to reach with your toothbrush. It could lead to tooth decay, periodontal disease, or tooth loss.
One way to correct this is by wearing braces. Your dentist in Saskatoon will help you decide what type of orthodontic treatment suits you.
There are different categories of malocclusion.
Most problems with teeth alignment are discovered by a dentist during a routine exam. The dentist may pull your cheek outward and ask you to bite down to check how well your back teeth come together. If there is any problem, the dentist will usually refer you to an orthodontist for diagnosis and treatment.
Dental x-rays, head or skull x-rays or facial x-rays may be required. Plaster or plastic molds of the teeth are often needed.